Connecticut Signers of Declaration of Independence
Oliver Wolcott to Philip Schuyler (January 22, 1776) III, 130.
“Your letter to Congress respecting the unfortunate Death of General Montgomery and the Disaster of his Troops pierced every Heart. I sincerely Sympathize with you the Loss of that brave officer. I know your affliction must be great for in him you have lost a most Valuable Friend and an officer in whom you deservedly put the greatest Confidence- but Such is Heavens Will, and let us Acquiesce in the Divine Providence.”
Oliver Wolcott to Samuel Lyman (February 3, 1776) III, 192.
“...That America may be happy is my Ardent Wish- and also that you in particular may share in the Blessings of the Almighty.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (March 2, 1776) III,325.
“By the Blessing of God I am well, and hope it may be continued to Me.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (March 8, 1776) III, 358.
“I Wrote to you a few days ago and let you know I was well. By the Blessing of God I continue So, and it would be a great Satisfaction to Me to know that you and the Family injoyed the same favour, but that it is impossible for me at this Moment to know, and it becomes Me to acquiesce in the divine Government. I hope a mercifull Providence may be your shield and Support.”
Oliver Wolcott to Samuel Lyman (March 16, 1776) III, 390.
“A proclamation for a fast has issued to be kept the 17th May but no particular Notice is taken of the British court but only as they fall under the general Denomination of Enemies.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (March 19,1776) III, 412.
“I continue by the blessing of God, well...
“My own Wishes are not gratified in living from my Family, but as in an important Circumstance of Life which has since lead me much from Home, I hope I committed the future allotments of Life to the Disposal of divine Providence. I humbly hope it may please God to bless me with his Guidance and take Care of and Protect those who are most dear to me, tho I am unworthy of his favours.”
Oliver Wolcott to Andrew Adams (March 22, 1776) III, 428.
“...May god carry us thro the severe conflict, guide the American Councils and give us Peace safe and honorable.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (April 10, 1776) III, 502.
“Merciful Providence still continues my Health to Me. Thro Various Scenes of Life god has Sustained Me. May he ever be my unfailing Friend, May his Love cherish my Soul, May my Heart with gratitude Acknowledge his Goodness and may my Desires be to him and to the rememberance of his Name. Vanity by the Wisest of men has been inscribed on every Thing Mortal and no Experience has ever contradicted this Declaration. May We then turn our Eyes to the bright Objects above, and may God give us strength to travel the upward Road. May the divine Redeemer conduct us to that Seat of Bliss which he himself has prepared for his Friends, at the Approach of which every Sorrow whall Vanish from the human heart, and endless scenes of Glory Open upon the enraptured Eye. There our Love to God and each other will grow stronger, and our Pleasures never be damp’d by the Fear of future Seperation. How indifferent will it then be to us wheither We obtained Felicity by travelling the thorny or the agreeable Paths of Life, wheither We arrived at our Rest by passing thro the envied and unfragant Road of Greatness or Sustained Hardship and unmerited Reproach in our Journey; Gods Providence and Support thro the perilous perplexing Labyrinths of human Life, will then forever excite our Astonishment and Love. May a Happiness be granted to thsoe I most tenderly Love which shall continue and increase thro’ an endless Existence. Your Cares and Burdens must be Many and great, but put your Trust in that God who has hitherto supported you and me, he will not fail to take Care of those who put their Trust in him.”
Oliver Wolcott to Thomas Seymour (April 16, 1776) III, 545.
“...But the good sense and Virtue of my Countrymen I believe Things will before long acquire such an Establishment, by the total confusion of British Councills, and the Blessing of God on the most laudable and prudent Exertions of this People, as will free every one from those Embarrasments which this Very peculiar kind of war has bro’t us into. I hope his Country will Exhibit the most glorious Displays of civil and Religious Liberty (rendered certain to the people of it by Constitutions, permanent, rational and just) that the World ever beheld, and that these Colonys injoying every necessary, particular Colonial Authority, may by fraternal Union strengthened by every Thing necessary therefor possess that internal Peace and Security which is Necessary for their Happiness, and by Confederated Power be able to repel whatever Attempts to Disturb. them.”
Oliver Wolcott to Samuel Lyman (April 17,1776) III, 553.
“...The Laws of commerce are equally fix’d and indeed every Thing else, all are operating Causes established by God Himself. They are the Ordo Rerum, which none but God Almighty can control.”
Oliver Wolcott to Samuel Lyman (May 16, 1776) IV, 16-17.
“...May the supreme Ruler of the Universe carry us thro the hardy Conflict to Liberty, safety and Peace.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (May 25, 1776) IV, .
“...For News refer you to the Papers. G. Britain mean or rather the king of it to exert his utmost force agt. this Country and has infamously hired Mercenaries to Subdue us but I trust in God he will be defeated. I have No Apprehension that more than 30,000 at most including those already here will be employed in the Land Service. By the Blessing of God I am well.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (June 1, 1776) IV, 114.
“By the Blessing of God I Still injoy Health. May the best of Heavens Blessings be your Portion.”
Oliver Wolcott to Roger Newberry (June 4, 1776) IV, 144.
“...I am most sincerely sorry for the distress of my Country but let a man Consider that every thing which he holds dear is at Stake. That a Conquest by our Enemies ensures Slavery and Misery thro endless Generations. Is this a Patrimony which we must leave our Children? God forbid! No he who sitteth in the Heavens, who holds Empires in his hands, who holds the Tyrant Worms of this earth, in utter division, he will Crush the Power of the Oppressor, he will Vindicate the Cause of the righteous, he will preserve his People like a Flock, and by the Arm of his Power make them to know their Almighty Deliverer- While the Malice of the Oppressor shall cease and he who fears not the Justice of God shall perish for ever. I firmly believe this Country will be saved. Let us take up the Resolution of Joab, play the Man for the Cities of our God; and let God do as it pleases him.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (June 11, 1776) IV, 195.
“We seem at present to be in the midst of a great Revolution, which I hope God will carry us safe thru with.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (October 8, 1776) V, 323.
“I have taken the Lodgings at Mrs. Duncans my former Quarters where the Air and Water are good. My own Health by the Blessing of God is better... The aspect of publick affairs is the same, I wish that God in his Providence, would bring this Country into a state of Peace safe and equitable, but I fear this happy Period is pritty Remote.
“ A people suffered to be involved in the Calamities of War, is I think a certain Symptom of the great Displeasure of the Almighty. Yet I think We have no Reason to despair of our Cause tho’ it is Attended with many Perplexities. God can and I trust Will bring order out of this Confusion.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (November 16,1776) V, 509.
“We had the happy News of Carlton going back to Canada the 14th. This I hope will give Peace for the present to the Northward, tho if he had been heartily drubbed before he set out it would have been Well, but Nobody but himself is to blame in that it was not done, and God be thanked that the Affair has turn’d out so favourably...
“Nothing could give me more Satisfaction, than that my condition in Life would permit Me to live with my Family, but We must follow the guidance of divine Providence, to whose Protection I commit you and our children.”
Oliver Wolcott to Matthew Griswold (November 18, 1776) V, 514-515.
“...The Quakers may not be expected to take any open Active part in any political matter in these Times, but their secret Influence I fear is to Embarass our measures. They dread to lose that Predominancy which they have heretofore held.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (November 24, 1776) V, 539.
“...By the Blessing of God I am well, and think I have obtained a radical Cure of those bilious disorders which have for so long a time troubled me.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (December 5, 1776) V, 579.
By the Blessing of God I am in Health...I wish you to take care of your Health and that it would please god to grant you and the Family his choicest Blessings.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (December 11, 1776) V, 600.
“...By the Blessing of God I am well.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (December 13, 1776) V, .
“...Whatever the Enemy will succeed in their cruel Designs against this City must be left to time to Discover. Congress has ordered the Genl. to Defend it to the last extremity and God grant that he may be successful in his exertions.
“Whatever Events may take Place the American Cause will be supported to the last; and I trust in God that it will succeed. The Grecian, Roman and Dutch States were in their Infancy reduced to the greatest Distress infinitely beyond what We have yet experienced. The God who governs the Universe and who holds Empires in his Hand Can with the least Effort of his Will grant us all that Security, opulence and Power which they have injoyed...
“May the Almighty ever keep you and them in his Protection.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott ( December 25, 1776) V, 669.
“...By the Blessing of God I injoy Health except a slight cold which will soon go off.
The God who has hitherto taken care of us will still I trust Grant his Protection to you and Me.”
Oliver Wolcott to Andrew Adams (January 1, 1777) VI, 4.
“...Your kindness for me particularly exacts my Gratitude. I wish I was less sensible of the Injury I have recd. Any but those who have exercised Power to answer sinister Purposes to my Injury I can easily forgive, but these men I hope may deserve not only my Forgiveness but these men I hope may deserve not only my Forgiveness but that of their Maker. I am at a loss as to what they deserve. But God forbid that the Villany shall ever induce me to relax my Endeavours to serve my Country as farr as I am able.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (January 1, 1777) V, 14.
“...the Battle at and near Trenton is which the American Army took 918 Prisoners, killed 20 or 30, took 4 Colors, 6 Brass Field Pieces &c...
“By the Blessing of god I am well Otherwise than my having a Cold.
“My best Regards to my Family and Friends whom I hope God will Protect and Bless...Prosperous and happy Times I trust will Return to our Country, and that God will grant us the Peace and Happiness of former Days, A Happiness which I most sincerely Covet, tho I trust I shall never wish for Peace, with the Loss of the Security of my Country- for what is there which We can leave our Children equal to the advantage of civil and religious liberty.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (January 14, 1777) VI, 105-106.
“...I have little more at present to acquaint you with, than that by the Blessing of God I am well...How long a hardened foe will maintain the Controversy God only knows...
“Take care of your Health, and may the richest of Heavens Blessings be your Portion.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (January 21, 1777) VI, 129.
“...I have still to acknowledgd the goodness of God in continuing the Health to me which I injoy... I feel the Warmest Wishes for your Welfare, and hope that it will please God to bestow upon you and our Children every Blessing.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (March 11, 1777) VI, 435.
“...But We must commit the care of our absent Friends to a Merciful Providence and not be Anxious about matters which it is not in our Power to alter. With Gratitude let us injoy the Blessing of our Maker and with an unruffled mind bear the Hour of adversity. By the Blessing of God I injoy Health;”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (March 22, 1777) VI, 482.
“...May a gratefull sence of the divine Goodness be deeply impressed upon my Mind, in that God has taken this Care of you and our Children, and for the Health I am favoured with... In my Judgment the most despotic Government that ever existed since the Days of Nimrod could never carry such a Law into Execution, but I have done nothing to Prejudica the Scheme this way as it was adopted by our state. Tho’ I tho’t it was founded upon every Principle of Impolicy But why am I eternally dabbling in Politicks. Would to God that the Knaves and Oppressors of this World would cease their Villany, so that each one might Return to domestick Injoyment, and possess unenvied that Peace, which cannot be had in any Other Circumstance of Life.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (April 9, 1777) VI, 564.
“...By the Blessing of God I enjoy Health, which is more than I could have much Reason to expect in this confined Way of living... God grant that this insolent barbarous Enemy may be speedily curbed and that the happy Days of Peace may Return... May the best of Heavens Blessings be yours.”
Oliver Wolcott to Samuel Lyman (April 23, 1777) VI, 644.
“...I perceive the little Child has had the Small Pox bad. But Blessed be God that she has recovered from it.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (April 23, 1777) VI, 645.
“...I perceive that your Health is still low. I hope you attend to the Recovery of it as much as you can, the Distress which you underwent during the Sickness of the Family must have been great and it becomes us to be thankful that God has carryed you and the Family thro the Disorder.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (Feb. 18, 1778) IX, 130.
“...I am by the Blessing of God well and injoy a Freedom of Spirits. God I trust will take Care of this Land- and will bring us together again in Peace. Trust in your Maker; and he will do you good.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (Apr. 14, 1778) IX, 414.
“...As to the Regulating Act the Achan not only of all good Policy but of common Sence, Congress will I suppose in a few Days Recommend that it be suspended, at least I hope they will.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (May 2, 1778) IX, 568.
“...God who takes Care of and Protects Nations will take care of this People and give us still farther and greater Occassions to rejoice in his Goodness.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (May 9, 1778) IX, 631.
“...Our Peace I consider as now dawning upon us. And whenever it shall be established, may these Independent States thankfully Acknowledge that Great Goodness of God who by his kind Providence so evidently affords us his Protection.
“By the Blessing of God I injoy good Health.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (May 17, 1778) IX, 707.
“...In the Mean Time may the Almighty bless you.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (June 5, 1778) X, 34.
“...My own Opinion is that G. Britain will not continue a land War in this Country- and I am persuaded that the proud Spirit of that Nation is more humbled than it ever has been since it had an Existence. This great Variation in the Circumstances of our Affairs ‘is the Lord’s Doings’ and it is truly wonderfull. May We ascribe it, to that Great Cause which we Experience...
“I hope that a mercifull Providence takes care of you and the Family...
“By the Blessing of God I do and have enjoyed more Health than ever I did before on this Service.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (June 12, 1778) X, 84.
“...But I beleive that the same Merciful Providence which has hitherto saved us will bring the present controversy to a happy issue.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (June 20, 1778) X, 1--.
“...By the Blessing of God I injoy Health. may I be thankfull to that God who bestows this and every other Blessing upon me. Put your Trust in the most High whose Providence in the late Event of the Enemys leaving Philadelphia has been most signal... God will establish us in Peace and safety.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (Nov. 16, 1781) XIII, 207.
“...Take Care of your Health- and commending you and the Family to the divine Protection.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (Apr. 15, 1782) XIII, 451.
“...By the divine Goodness I am well.”
Oliver Wolcott to Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (Jan. 15, 1783) XIX, 587.
“...By the Blessing of God I injoy Health. May the divine Being guide, protect and Bless you. May the divine Being guide, protect and Bless you.”
Oliver Wolcott to Laura Wolcott (Feb. 1, 1783) XIX, 651.
“...My Love to the Children. May the best of Heavens Blessing be your Portion.”
Oliver Wolcott to Frederick Wolcott (Feb. 19, 1783) XIX, 714.
“...You are now at that Time of Life which is the most interesting and important.”
Roger Sherman to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (June 28,1775) I, 556.
“...The Salvation of the Colonies under Divine Providence depends upon their united and vigorous application to Arms, that is the only conciliatory Plan that appears to me likely to be Successful, or at least without no other will have any effect.”
Roger Sherman to Joseph Trumbull (July 6, 1775) I, 599.
“...You have had a bloody battle, but I think in every encounter through the merciful interposition of divine Providence the advantage has been much in our favour. The people here seem as Spirited in the Cause as in New England. Many of the Quakers as well as others have armed themselves and are Training every Day. Majr. Mifflin of this City who was a very useful member of this congress has before now Joyned Your Army as Aid de Camp to General Washington, whom I would recommend to your Notice as an upright, firm, Spirited and Active Friend in the Cause of Liberty.”
Roger Sherman to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (January 30, 1777) VI, 169.
“A resolution passed to Day allowing Mr. Kirtland 444 2/5 dollars for his salary as missionary to the Indians and a further Sum of 300 dollars for his extra Services and expenses as chaplain, and Indian Interpreter.”
Samuel Huntington to Joseph Trumbull (February 20, 1776) III, .
“...This morning at About Eight O’Clock the Worthy Mr. Lynch of South Carolina was taken with an Appoplectic fit; remains very ill tho’ his reason is restored & Speech So as to answer questions. May God restore his health and usefullness. Thro’ divine goodness I am restored to health So as to give constant attendance to business & remain, Sir, with much esteem, your humble Servant.”
Samuel Huntington to Jabez Huntington (March 19, 1776) III, 407.
“...The Congress have appointed a General fast the 17th of May.”
Samuel Huntington to James Cogswell (March 30,1776) III, .
“...On Sunday morning the 17th Inst. my attention from my chamber window was Suddenly called to behold a mighty Cavalcade of Plebians marching thro’ the Street with drums beating and at every Small distance they halted & gave three Huzzas. I was apprehensive Some outrage was about to be committed, but Soon perceived my mistaken apprehensions & that it was a Religious exercise of the Sons of Saint Patrick, it being the anniversary of that Saint the morning Exercise was ushered in with the ceremony above described. However Sir Should I leave you to Judge the Religion of this City from the above Story only; it would not be Just, there are devout pious people in this City, a number of pious & Excellent preachers, & he who does not lead a virtuous & religious life here must accuse himself. Every man has Liberty to peruse the dictates of his own Conscience.
“... and let me request an Interest in your prayers that I may be enabled faithfully to perform the Trust reposed in me& in due time be returned to my family & native Land in peace.”
Samuel Huntington to Jabez Huntington (July 31, 1776) IV, 591.
“...I am thro a kind Providence in usual health & only add I am with Esteem, Your Humble Servant.”
Samuel Huntington to Jabez Huntington (August 20, 1776) V, 31.
“...The Indians seem disposed to observe a neutrality which I cannot but hope will take place among them if our unnatural Brethen Should not get any advantage against us which God prevent.”
Samuel Huntington to Matthew Griswold, Eliphalet Dyer and William Pitkin (August 30,1776) V, 87.
“...Upon the whole circumstances attending their conduct we have reason to hope the Indians in general in the Middle & Northern departments will remain Neuter unless some more unfavourable Events Should take place in our Armies & cause them to Change their minds which God prevent.”
Samuel Huntington to John Adams (Oct. 16, 1779) XIV, 84.
“...Done at Philadelphia this sixteenth day of Octr. in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy nine and in the fourth year of our independence.”
Samuel Huntington to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Feb. 7, 1780) XIV, 390.
“...We can as yet obtain no Intelligence of the British fleet which sailed from New York the 26 of Decemr, supposed to be destined for South Carolina or Georgia, & begin to hope that Providence has directed them to depart the Coast.”
Samuel Huntington to George Clinton [note](May 6, 1780) XV, 91.
While on board the Confederacy at Martinique enroute to Spain, Jay learned from the Rev. Robert Keith, the ship’s chaplain, a tale of extraordinary sacrifice and humanitarian assistance rendered by an elderly New York widow, Mrs. Sarah Smith, to American prisoners who had been captured at Fort Washington.
Samuel Huntington: “Circular from New Hampshire to Maryland”(June 15, 1780) XV,
“...Enable us to cooperate vigorously with the Fleets and Armies of our Ally, and we may reasonably hope, through the Blessing of divine Providence, for a speedy & happy Termination of a Controversy, which is to give Freedom and Independence to Millions.”
Samuel Huntington to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Sept. 15, 1780) XVI, 67.
N.J., Penn & Del. called upon to furnish 2,056 head of cattle
Army has been without meat for several days
“Congress upon mature Deliberation under present Circumstances could not devise any other Measures than those adopted by the Act enclosed to supply the Army for the present Campaign; and should either of the States fail substantially to comply with this requisition it is more probable the Army must disband, or supply themselves at the Point of the Bayonet, and the most fatal Consequences must issue.”
Samuel Huntington to Jonathan Trumbull (Oct. 17, 1780) XVI, 214.
“...A Committee have reported that the first Thursday of December be set apart as a Day of Thanksgiving & Prayer, but their report hath not yet passed in Congress.”
Samuel Huntington to the States (Oct. 19, 1780) XVI, 225.
“...Your Excellency will receive herewith enclosed a Proclamation recommending Thursday the seventh Day of December next to be observed as a Day of Thanksgiving & Prayer.”
Samuel Huntington to John Rutledge (Nov. 2, 1780) XVI, 296.
“...two Acts of Congress of the 10 of October & 6 of September last respecting the unappropriated Lands, with several other Papers to which the latter refers, together with a Proclamation for a Day of Thanksgiving & Prayer.”
Samuel Huntington to Richard Varik (Dec. 6, 1780) XVI, 421.
Varik was an aide to General Benedict Arnold unsuccessful to have his rank restored - lieut. col.
Samuel Huntington to the Sultan of Morocco (Dec. 1780) XVI, 520.
“...Signed in, and by Order of the Congress of the thirteen United States of North America, Day of the Month of December in the year of our LORD Christ 1780 and of our Independence 5.”
Samuel Huntington to William V (Netherlands) Jan. 1, 1781; XVI, 527.
“...We pray God to keep your Highness in his holy protection.”
Samuel Huntington to the States (Mar. 21, 1781) XVII, 74.
“...Your Excellency will receive herewith enclosed, a Proclamation of the 20th Instant, earnestly recommending that Thursday the third Day of May next may be observed as a Day of Humiliation, Fasting & Prayer by all the United States.”
Samuel Huntington to the States (June 1, 1781) XVII, 284.
“...Of consequence it is become indispensibly necessary, by our immediate- & under Providence- successful efforts, to place ourselves in such a situation, as to enable our negociators to speak a firm & decided language, becoming the Characters of the Ministers of Free, Sovereign, & Independent States.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (August 10,1776) IV, 651.
“I hope in God, they & all will acquit themselves like Men & be strong in the Day of approaching Conflict, & may the Lord of Hosts be on our Side & vindicate our righteous Cause agt.[against] our most unjust & more than Savage Foes.”
William Williams to Jabez Huntington (August 12, 1776) IV, 665.
“I believe we have nothing but the justice of our Cause& the infinite Mercy of God to rely on for Safety.”
William Williams to Oliver Wolcott (August 12, 1776) IV,667-668.
“What will be the event of Things God only knows... The Judge of all the Earth will do right, He has done great things for Us. He will not yet forsake Us I believe, tho most have forsaken him, I trust many, many thousands have not bowed the knee to Baal... I feel concerned but not at all discouraged. Let our Trust & Hope be in the Lord Jehovah & with Him is everlasting Strength.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (August 15,1776) IV,
“To God omnipotent & all gracious I commit the Cause & all my Friends & Countrymen. I believe We need not greatly fear the Issue, our Army is strong & will not shrink I trust. Our cause is just & will be defended, tho it pains me at the Start to think that many must probably fall.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (September 13, 1776) V, 156.
“Our Affairs are truly in a critical Situation, but far I hope from desperate. My trust & hope is in a merciful & just God, who with one Volition of his Will can change their appearance. I fear we shall be chastized for our Sins, but not forsaken I trust & firmly believe. But most certainly it becomes all to humble Themselves deeply before Him, repent of our Sins & most earnestly to supplicate his Favor. He will be known in the Judgements he executes. He has a Controversie with His People, & will certainly accomplish his Design in it. We must bend or break.
“No Means for our defence & Safety must be omitted & may God grant Our Officers & soldiers, great Wisdom, Understanding, Courage & Resolution.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (September 20,1776) V, 208-211.
“It will undoubtedly be needless for me to give You any account of the Evacuations of N. York by our army on Sab. Day the 15th, of most of our heavy Cannon falling into the hands of our Enemies & c, as it will be communicated to you by my Bror. Comissa., many ways ee’r this can reach your Hand. This Event unhappy & distressing as it is has been forseen & known ever since the quitting of Long Island, & had been determined by the Genl. & his Council; Congress had been made fully acquainted with & assented to it as absolutely necessary,& directed that it shod not be destroyed by Us on leaving it. These Events however, & signal advantage gained by our oppressors, & the Distress to which our Army & Country are& must be subjected in Consequence of them, are loud speaking Testimonies of the Displeasure & Anger of almighty God against a sinful People, louder than sevenfold Thunder. Is it possible that the most obdurate & stupid of the Children of America shod not hear & tremble? God has surely a Controversie with this People, & He is most certainly able to manage it & He will accomplish his Designs, & bring Us to Repentance & Reformation or destroy Us. We must bend or break. The ways of hisProvidence are dark& deep but they are holy, wise & altogether right, tho our feeble Understandings comprehend them not, & tho his Chastisements are severe& dreadful, They are dictated by unbounded Wisdom& Love. They have a meaning of awful & kind Import. Turn unto me for why will ye die O Sons of America. We have thought God was for Us & had given many & signal Instances of his Power & Mercy in our Favor, & had greatly frowned upon & disappointed our Enemies & verily it has been so, but have we repented and given Him the glory? Verily no. His hand seems to be turned & stretched out against Us, & strong is his Hand & high is his right Hand. He can & will accomplish all his Pleasure. It is God who has blunted the Weapons of our warfare, that has turned the Counsels of wise Men into foolishness, that has thus far blasted & disappointed our Hopes, & made Us flee before our Enemies, & given them Possession of our Strong Holds. Trouble does not spring out of the dust nor rise out of the Ground. I have always thto this was a just & righteous Cause in which We are engaged. I remain unshaken in that firm persuasion, & that God wod sooner or later vindicate & support it, I believe so still, but I believe this People must first be brot to know & Acknowledge the righteousness of his Judgment, & their own exceeding Sinfullness& Guilt, & be deeply humbled under his mighty hand & look & cry & to trust in Him for all their Help & Salvation but in the Use & Exertion of all the Strength He has given Us. Surely We have seen enough to convince Us of all this & then why are we not convinced, why is not every Soul humbled under the mighty hand of God, repenting & mourning For its Sin & putting away the evil of his Doings, & looking to Him that smites Us by humble, earnest & fervent Prayer & Supplication day & night. Why are not the dear Children of God (surely there are many, tho the Scorn & Insult of our Enemies) beseiging the Throne of Grace, sighing & crying for their Sins & back slidings & for all the abominations that are done in the Land, & saying spare, spare thy People O Lord & give not thine Heritage to Reproach. Let not the Vine which thy right Hand has planted here be rooted up & destroyed, let not thy Churches be wasted & devoured, let not virtue & the remains of Religion be torn down & trampled in the Dust, Let not thy Name be blasphemed, nor our insulting wicked Foes say where is your God, nor the profane world that there is no God that rules the world & regardeth the Right, that vindicateth the just & the righteous Cause. I know that God can vindicate his own Name & Honor without our Help, & out of the Stones raise up Children to Abraham, & it is amazing Folly & Madness to cry the Temple, the Temple of the Lord, & trust in that while We remain an incorrigible People. But Such Things are what God wod have Us learn & practice while his Judgments fill our Mouths, & pour out our Souls before Him. Are any? Are not all? in New England especially who have any Interest in Heaven, crying, begging & intreating for the out pouring of blessed Spirit of God upon the Lnad, tis a most grievous & distressing Consideration that God is pleased so to withhold the blessed Influence & operations thereof, without which We shall remain stupid forever. Therefore with redoubled fervency of ardent Prayer& Supplication, shod every Soul that has one Sparck of Heavenly Fire kindle it to a fervent Heat & expanded Blaze.
“O New England, O my dear native Land, how does my Soul Love thee. Be instructed therefore lest God’s Soul depart from thee, lest thou be like Corazin & Bethsaida in Condemnation as thou hast been in Priviledges, lest He make thee as Admah & set thee as Zeboiin. Are the Ministers of the Gospel alive & lifting up their Voices like a trumpet & sounding the Alarm of the Almighty’s Anger & Wrath ready to burst on the defenseless Heads of a guilty People? Are they warning the wicked of their infinite Danger, animating & arousing them to Consideration? Are they with ardent Zeal & Fervour animating & enlivening the languid Graces of the Godly, exciting & leading them to fervent Praying, sighing & crying for their own Declensions & Luke warmness in Religion & for the Sins & Iniquities of the Land, praying, begging & intreating with unceasing & as it were resistless Importunity for the copius Effusions of the Blessed spirit upon all orders & degrees of People & refusing to let God go without an Answer of Peace, & in the midst of Wrath to remember Mercy, & not give up his Heritage to Reproach nor blast the blooming Hopes & Prospects of this infant Country, the Asylum of Liberty & Religion?
“Strange that Mankind sho[ul]d need such alarming Providences to produce such an Effect. It is no more than to act like reasonable Creatures, to possess a Spirit & Temper that will add a thousand fold sweetness & pleasure to all the Enjoyments of this World, to exchange the Slvery of the Devil, that accursed Enemy of our Souls, for the Service of God & the Liberty of his Children, to do justly , to love Mercy & walk humbly with our God, to answer the sole end of our Creation, to secure a Peace here infinitely better than the World can give, & an Eternity of Peace & Happiness in the world to come. But still more strange if possible, & astonishing is it that They Shod disregard the Voice of the most high, remain thoughtless & stupid under the dreadful Tokens of his Anger & the awful Judgments of his Hand, by Sickness & by the Sword of our unnatural & enraged Enemies threatening to depopulate the Land & drench the Plains with the Blood of its Inhabitants, leaving the weeping Widows, helpless Orphans & the all that survive the chocking carnage & subsequent Masacre to drag out their Lives in Want, wretchedness & miserable bondage & all this aggravated with the certain Prospect of leaving this dreadful Curse intailed on all Posterity.
“A thorough Repentance & Reformation without all peradventure will appease the Anger of a holy & just God, avert these amazing Calamities, secure Liberty & Happiness to this & all succeeding Ages & eternal Felicity & Glory to all the Subjects of it. If such Considerations & Motives wont awaken a[ll] to serious thoughtfulness & Attention, I know not what will, but the Voice of the Arch Angel & the Trumpet of God.
“P.S. You will not think proper to communicate this Letter to the Assembly. I am anxious beyond the power of Language to describe, of contributing something to the Good & Salvation, temporal & eternal, of my Countrymen. (Hope I have not been totally useless here.) If you shod think this may have any tendency, to awake our sleepy People & be of no disadvantage, I am willing it should be printed &, for no other possible reason, leaving out such of the beginning as may be a clue to guess the author or where He is, & with the description or Signature of a Letter from a Gent of Connecticut, now in a different Colony.
May God in great Mercy preserve your Health & long continue your valuable & important Life, With kindest Remembrance to my dear Wife & Friends.”
William Williams to Jabez Huntington (September 30,1776) V, 267
“...Nothing is wanting on our Side but the repentance & Reformation of the Land. The great & mercifull God seems to hold his uplifted Hand suspended & loth to strike the Blow & waitning for our amendment, to say look to me for why will ye die, my Children of America. He that can do most to promote this blessed work will do the most important & essential Good to his Friends & to his Country.
“If our Assembly rechose their Delegates, I hope They will be guided by wisdom & Prudence. I must say that Mr. Sherman from his early acquaintance, his good sense, Judgment, Steadiness & inflesible Integrity, has acquired much Respect & is an exceeding valuable Member, & so is Mr. Huntington & truly judicious, upright & worthy the Trust in Spight of that awful contempt of Religion & Goodness too visible & c. Integrity & Virtue does & will Command Respect. For my part I neither expect not wish to remain here, the Burden is exceedingly great, but in this Critical time the acquaintance the others have with the men & the Connection of affairs, is very useful. It is of very importance that whoever attends here shod be Men of Uprightness & Integrity, inflexibly resolved to pursue & serve the great Cause, insensible to motives of Ambition, Interest & any other Applause than that of a good Conscience.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (October 10, 1776) V, 333.
“Let us trust in God alone & earnestly look to him for his Blessing & Protection.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. ((November 6, 1776) V, 448.
“Let all Eyes & Hearts be to God &c...All things are in the hands of our exquisitely wise & good God. May every soul be induced to repent & seek Him with all their heart & entreat his favor for this distressed Land.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (July 5, 1777) VII, 301.
“...Our sins are so great that We have reason to expect severe Correction. O that this People were wise but there is no appearance of it. God will accomplish his own Designs & what He does is & will be right & as You probably observe, future Events are in the safe hand of the all wise and most merciful Director.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (August 2, 1777) VII, 407.
“It may be very possible, if Howe has left us in good Earnest, That He may go to N England, instead of the N River, but tis impossible to say. They are in the Hands of God almighty & all gracious, & in Him alone may we trust.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (August 26, 1777) VII, 558-9.
“Since the last of abt the 19th Inst. I have by the good hand of Providence been regaining my Health...In a joint letter of last Even’g We informed you of the Intelligence We have of the Howes Fleet & Army. ...(They have minute Intelligence from those Enemies of God & Man the Tories)...
“Indeed were it not for the abounding Sins & unwholly unreformed State of the Country, I shod dare to hope that God in Mercy had blinded the minds & darkened the councils of Enemies & turned them into foolishness...
The distress had been beyond all discription had our Enemy invaded them in so critical a Moment. O that there was an heart in our Countrymen. May God in infinite Mercy pour out his Spirit upon Us, I hope & trust is the earnest Cry of all that Love his Name.
“I am glad to See a Day of Fasting is appointed in Contt & Massa. May We no longer mock the Almighty with deceitful Words from feigned Lips.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Sept. 13, 1777) VII, 657.
“...Thursday last was a day of most severe conflict, & it has pleased the holy God to suffer it end for that Time to our great disadvantage.
“It is an awful Frown of divine Providence, but we are not at all humbled under it, a sad sign that more dreadful Evils await Us.?”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Sept. 17, 1777) VII, 692.
“...Something very important will soon take Place. May every Heart & every Soul be lift up to God for Mercy & Deliverance. Tis most ardently to be wished but alass, alass, how little to be expected, by appearances here, I pray God it may be otherwise in Connecticut!...
“But also what is all this, if God is pleased to give us up to Slavery & Destruction, but I hope in his Mercy, let us not faint nor be discouraged, but wait patiently for the Lord, & he will not fail them that trust in him.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Sept. 30, 1777) VIII, 35.
“...May God grant us Salvation for his own great Mercy & Name Sake & enable Us to Say not unto Us & c. for I am sure we dont deserve it. I had but a faint Idea of the wickedness of the country till I had travelled to this country, seen & heard so much of & from the middle & southern parts. Well may we admire & adore the infinite Patience & long suffering of our God.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Oct. 2, 1777) VIII, 44.
“...May the Lord of all Mercy appear for our help & Salvation, & the Glory be his only & forever.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Oct. 11, 1777) IX, 107.
“...we know about an Action which promised the fairest of any that ever happened, but in a moment Victory was snatched from Us, when within our Embrace. There seems something very imporantly remarkable in this Event [German Town], it is the hand of God, most conspicuosly, we were not prepared for so great a Salvation. How happy shod we have thot our Selves have ascribed it to our own [...] & c & still I do not see we are any more prepared to give Glory to the God of armys; how unnatural & shocking that We so much neglect & forget him in that character, as well as in every other, & if we ever succeed against our Enemies, till we are generally brot to a deeper sense of our own Sinfulness & [...] of such Liberties & Privileges as no People ever before enjoyed it will be a most illustrious Instance of the Patience & Forbearance of the Almighty & all gracious God, & another Demonstration that He is indeed good to theEveil & unthankful & that his Mercy endureth forever but how unspeakably more happy & merciful wo’d be our deliverance & Salvation preceded by or accompanied with sincere Repentance & Reformation & without it the Lords Controversie with Us will not be ended.
“Our Affairs are hastening to a most important Crisis. God in infinite mercy grant it may be happy.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Oct. 23, 1777) IX, 168-9.
“...General Washington has recd & instantly transmitted to Congress with contempt & Indignation an astonishing Letter, of 4 sheets from our late Chaplain, the great Patriot, Whig & reputedly very pious Mr. Duche who stayed in town wherein He [...] & regrets his own Conduct in taking [...] paints Congress in a most con[temptible...] ted Light, unworthy wretch [...] by all-the respectable Characters [...] composed it & a pack of Attorneys, Bankrupts & Men of desperate Fortunes, the Officers of the army no better, & the whole as a ragged Banditti, our Finances desperate, the Army beaten & driven, the navy despicable, taken, burnt & blocked up & c., & every misfortune exagerated & magnifies the mighty power of How[e], the vast Ease with which he has possesd the Capital of America, the imposibility of resisting him,...
“A temptation & a t[yral of such?] Magnitude & Design , second no np[ne since the ?] Prince of Devils, practiced upon our first Parents, but blessed be God, it did not find an Eve...
“We have abundant Reason to bless & praise the God of Armys, for the Success He has granted our northern Forces.”
William Williams to Mary Williams (ante Oct. 25, 1777) VIII, 18-,
“...it seems to me, a spirit of Slumber is fallen upon the Children of God, & the rest of the World are asleep in Death. A want of Patriotism, Virtue, Love of our country seems to have pervaded all Orders, a Selfish, oppressive Spirit, a thirst after money & preferment, pleasure & Vanity, amazingly prevails & God is not in all our Thoughts. This is black & dark, but Gods Mercy is boundless & infinite & endures forever, & tho we deserve & can expect nothing for our own Sakes, yet our God remembers Mercy for thousands of Generations of them that Love & fear Him, doubtless our forefathers were of that happy number & I hope & trust He will not forsake us, their degenerate Children, but will work for his own Name Sake.
“Notwithstanding our unworthiness We have had great Success at the northward, blessed be God, & there is reason to hope How[e] will not hold his Possession.
“I hope to come by the end of November, but cannot determine. Whenever Providence permits, the Time will be most welcome. May God in mercy preserve Us both & give us to rejoice in his great Goodness & to see one another in peace & Safety.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Oct. 26, 1777) VIII, 197.
“...What infinite reason have We to bless & extol the name of the Lord of Hosts the God of Armys, for this great reverse of our affairs in that quarter since proud Burgoyne was able to say (at the shameful evacuation of Ty. &c.) Veni, Vid, Vivi, which has been overruled for great Good, tho We then tho’t with good old jacob, all these things are against Us. O may the Mercies & Judgments of the Almighty, accomplish the great Design for which They are sent, our Repeentance & Reformation.
“I doubt not Congress will appoint a Day of Thanksgiving on this great Occasion, thro[ugh]out the Continent & may God give Us Heart to celebrate it in a right & acceptable manner...
“Our officers there have deserved great Honor & blessed be God, Who has inspired them with Courage & given Them so much Success.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (Nov. 4, 1777) VIII, 233.
“...We last night heard a Rumour that our Forces had Succeeded on Rhode Island & taken 1500 Prisoners. God grant it might prove true. Great & marvelous has been our Success at the northward, by the infinite Mercy of the God of Armys & to his Name be all the Glory.”
William Williams to Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. (Nov. 28, 1777) VIII, 341.
“...God grant us good Tidings.”
William Williams to Joseph Trumbull (Nov. 28, 1777) VIII, 342.
“...Our Army are much in want of Cloaths, Shoes & Hose but I trust & hope in God that He will support & maintain our Cause & give Us again that City in due Time.”